Learn the Science:
Lymphatic Drainage and whole body vibration
The lymphatic system, much like the blood vessels and arteries in our body, runs all through the body. This system is a complex one, and has three main missions. It carries away excess fluids in the body, it carries away fat and fatty acids to the circulatory system for removal, and it is the central part of what most people call “the immune system.” The lymphatic system’s health is vitally important to overall health.
The lymphatic system has been recognized by doctors for its importance to preventative healthcare. Lymphatic function supports every other system in the body, including the immune, digestive, detoxification, and nervous systems. Many believe that poor lymph health is the underlying cause of a lot of conditions, from cellulite to cancer.
The lymphatic system has no central pump but depends on muscle contraction and manual manipulation to move fluid. Deep breathing is one way we can enhance movement of lymph through our bodies, but our lymph system is best stimulated by movement of the body. The reason that clusters of lymph nodes are located in the arm pits, the groin, and other constantly moving areas is for that reason. As we age we become less active, and the normal stimulation needed by lymph nodes to pump lymph fluid around the body, filter it, rejuvenate it, and attack biological intruders is not as effective. It is one of the reasons that older people are more susceptible to illness. But there is a way to deal with this challenge.
Lymphatic System Explained
The Lymphatic System is the body’s garbage disposal. All the nasty toxins, waste, unneeded nutrients and generally unnecessary stuff in the body is moved into the Lymphatic System for removal by the liver and kidneys. The entire body is engaged in moving the Lymphatic fluids around via motion and muscle movement. You move and the lymph nodes and fluids move around and get done the job they are intended to do.
Lymphatic fluids are an important component to maintaining good health and just like the circulatory or gastro-intestinal systems.
This system design is really quite efficient, unless a person doesn’t or can’t move around much. In those cases the toxins and bad stuff tend to build up in the lymphatic system. This results in things like cellulite build-up, lowered immune functioning (you get colds and flu easier and faster), and it can actually affect a person’s emotional state and energy levels. It is important to keep 2 to 3 liters of lymphatic fluid moving around the body every day. Failure to do so can have catastrophic effects.
Vibration Plate Therapy and Lymphatic Drainage
Whole Body Vibration training stimulates the lymphatic system. It causes immune response in the lymph nodes, giving the body better defenses against illnesses. Whole Body Vibration exercise also causes the lymph system to drain more efficiently, getting trapped fats and biological intruders on their way out of the body through the circulatory systems filters. In short, the vibrations of the Whole Body Vibration exercise platform cause dozing lymph nodes to wake up and do the work they are intended to do, especially in the aging body where lymph health is even more vital to overall health.
The area most susceptible to lymphatic blockage is the lower leg below the knee and down to the ankle. Gravity and human anatomy makes this area the least conducive to lymphatic system flow and so for many people, this is where a number of problems can exist. Neuropathy, muscle degradation, and bone mass depletion can take place and weaken the body significantly making it difficult to stand, sit, or walk easily. By massaging the lower leg while seated in front of the Whole Body Vibration platform and gently surrounding the calf muscle with your fingers and then moving your hands up and down over the skin the lymphatic fluid moves away from the non-moving muscles and toward the quadriceps and hamstrings where the fluid can enter the mainstream parts of the system and then the fluid can be directed toward the kidneys and the liver.
Lymphatic fluids are an important component to maintaining good health and just like the circulatory or gastro-intestinal systems.
Articles will appear in a new window:
“The vibrations created by a vibration exercise machine create small muscular contractions. This forces the fluids through the body in a way that is efficient, constant, and gentle enough not to cause any harm while being forceful enough to discard toxins and other potentially dangerous buildup.”
“ … Whole Body Vibration, facilitated by a machine, is able to help combat the effects of a sedentary lifestyle and rid the body of the toxins that it has stored.”
“In addition to acting as a catalyst for Lymphatic drainage, a vibration exercise machine also sparks the activity of the Lymph Nodes, which are key components of the immune system.”
“Though the loss is not drastic, using a vibration exercise machine allows the Lymphatic System to push stored fats out of the body, resulting in a healthier, leaner figure.”
Medical Professionals Explain:
Vibration, Immunity and Lymphatic System
Read the Science:
Research on Lymphatic System and Vibration
Note: Research on the Lymphatic System is relatively new, and very little is available on whole body vibration and the Lymphatic System. Scientists are just beginning to understand the mechanisms of lympathic drainage, immunity, and it’s relationship with the central nervous system. This collection of articles highlights our current understanding of the lymphatic system.
So far, we do understand that the lymphatic system does not have a central pump and requires movement in the body in order to circulate and drain lymphatic fluid. Whole Body Vibration exercise helps create this muscle movement and, as a result, seems highly likely to improve lymphatic drainage. Hopefully in the future, more research will specifically demonstrate this connection.
Lymphatic Drainage Improves with Vibration
Low-frequency vibrotherapy considerably improves the effectiveness of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) in patients with lipedema: A two-armed, randomized, controlled pragmatic trial
Purpose: Although the exact prevalence of lipedema is unknown the number of women suffering from this condition is ever-growing. When treated conservatively, manual lymphatic drainage is regarded the gold standard. However, the rate of its effectiveness varies considerably with some women showing minimal to no improvement depending on severity of the disease and medical history.
Methods: Thirty female patients diagnosed with lipedema stage 2-3 referred to physiotherapeutic treatment were randomly allocated to either six treatments of MLD or to six treatments of combined MLD and vibrotherapy treatment. Outcome parameters were the volume of lipedema at four locations of either the lower (n = 29) or the upper extremities (n = 1), as well as quality of life.
Findings: A very large superiority of effectiveness was found for the combined treatment. Reduction of the sizes of lipedema varied between 1.1 < d < 3.2. These patients’ quality of life was also considerably better (d = 1.0).
Conclusions: Combining MLD with vibrotherapy treatment drastically enhances the effectiveness of treating lipedema.
Keywords: Lipedema; MLD; quality of life; shock wave vibrotherapy.
Schneider R. Low-frequency vibrotherapy considerably improves the effectiveness of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) in patients with lipedema: A two-armed, randomized, controlled pragmatic trial. Physiother Theory Pract. 2020 Jan;36(1):63-70. doi: 10.1080/09593985.2018.1479474. Epub 2018 May 30. PMID: 29847188.
Exercise Helps Lymphatic Drainage
Exercise stress alters murine lymphocyte subset distribution in spleen, lymph nodes and thymus
Our previous work indicated that exercise stress in mice was associated with reduced splenic lymphocyte proliferation to T cell mitogens. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acute exercise stress and exercise training on the phenotype distribution of murine lymphocytes in the spleen, lymph nodes and thymus. In mice given an exhaustive bout of treadmill exercise, the percentage of Thy 1.2 and Lyt2 antigen bearing cells decreased in the thymus, but the percentage of L3T4-positive cells did not change significantly. Acute exercise did not alter the percentage of Thy1.2, L3T4 or Lyt2-positive cells in the secondary lymphoid compartments (nodes, spleen). By contrast, in mice given a chronic exercise training programme (8 weeks duration; 30 m/min, 8 degrees slope, 30 min/session, 5 daily sessions/week) followed by a 72 h rest period, the percentage of L3T4-positive cells increased by 53% in the spleen, 19% in the lymph nodes and 29% in the thymus compared with sedentary controls; no parallel increase in the percentage of Thy1.2 antigen bearing cells was observed. These results suggest that the effect of exercise on the frequencies of lymphocyte subpopulations in murine lymphoid compartments is dependent upon the chronicity of the stress and probably on the accompanying physiological adaptations to the stress.
Hoffman-Goetz L, Thorne R, Simpson JA, Arumugam Y. Exercise stress alters murine lymphocyte subset distribution in spleen, lymph nodes and thymus. Clin Exp Immunol. 1989 May;76(2):307-10. PMID: 2788050; PMCID: PMC1541822.
Understanding Lymphatic Vessels and the Central Nervous System
Current understanding of lymphatic vessels in the central nervous system
Lymphangiogenesis is associated with some pathological conditions such as inflammation, tissue repair, and tumor growth. Recently, a paradigm shift occurred following the discovery of meningeal lymphatic structures in the human central nervous system (CNS); these structures may be a key drainage route for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) into the peripheral blood and may also contribute to inflammatory reaction and immune surveillance of the CNS. Lymphatic vessels located along the dural sinuses absorb CSF from the adjacent subarachnoid space and brain interstitial fluid via the glymphatic system, which is composed of aquaporin-4 water channels expressed on perivascular astrocytic end-feet membranes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) clearly visualized these lymphatic vessels in the human dura mater. The conception of some neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease, has been changed by this paradigm shift. Meningeal lymphatic vessels could be a promising therapeutic target for the prevention of neurological disorders. However, the involvement of meningeal lymphatic vessels in the pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated and is the subject of future investigations. In this article, to understand the involvement of meningeal lymphatic vessels in neurological disorders, we review the differences between lymphangiogenesis in the CNS and in other tissues during both developmental and adulthood stages, and pathological conditions that may be associated with meningeal lymphatic vessels in the CNS.
Keywords: Aquaporin 4; Cerebrospinal fluid; Dura mater; Glymphatic system; Lymphatic vessel; VEGFR3.
Tamura R, Yoshida K, Toda M. Current understanding of lymphatic vessels in the central nervous system. Neurosurg Rev. 2020 Aug;43(4):1055-1064. doi: 10.1007/s10143-019-01133-0. Epub 2019 Jun 18. PMID: 31209659.
Lymphatic System Function: Lymph Nodes, Leukocytes, Drainage
Structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatic vessels
One of the characteristics of the central nervous system is the lack of a classical lymphatic drainage system. Although it is now accepted that the central nervous system undergoes constant immune surveillance that takes place within the meningeal compartment, the mechanisms governing the entrance and exit of immune cells from the central nervous system remain poorly understood. In searching for T-cell gateways into and out of the meninges, we discovered functional lymphatic vessels lining the dural sinuses. These structures express all of the molecular hallmarks of lymphatic endothelial cells, are able to carry both fluid and immune cells from the cerebrospinal fluid, and are connected to the deep cervical lymph nodes. The unique location of these vessels may have impeded their discovery to date, thereby contributing to the long-held concept of the absence of lymphatic vasculature in the central nervous system. The discovery of the central nervous system lymphatic system may call for a reassessment of basic assumptions in neuroimmunology and sheds new light on the aetiology of neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases associated with immune system dysfunction.
Louveau A, Smirnov I, Keyes TJ, Eccles JD, Rouhani SJ, Peske JD, Derecki NC, Castle D, Mandell JW, Lee KS, Harris TH, Kipnis J. Structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatic vessels. Nature. 2015 Jul 16;523(7560):337-41. doi: 10.1038/nature14432. Epub 2015 Jun 1. Erratum in: Nature. 2016 May 12;533(7602):278. PMID: 26030524; PMCID: PMC4506234.
Lymphatic and Central Nervous Systems Operation
Lymphatic system in central nervous system
The considerable metabolic activity of the central nervous system (CNS) requires an efficient system of tissue drainage and detoxification. The CNS is however devoid of lymphatic vessels, a vasculature ensuring interstitial fluid drainage and immune survey in other organs. A unique system of drainage has recently been identified between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), brain interstitial fluids and meningeal lymphatic vessels. This system is coupling a cerebral “glymphatic” flow with a meningeal lymphatic vasculature. The “glymphatic” system includes perivascular spaces and astrocytes, and drains interstitial fluids, from and towards the CSF. Meningeal lymphatic vessels are functionally linked to the cerebral “glymphatic” efflux by clearing intracerebral macromolecules and antigens towards the peripheral lymphatic system. The “glymphatic”-“meningeal lymphatics” system is potentially offering new therapeutic targets to improve cerebral drainage and immune survey in human CNS diseases.
Thomas JL, Jacob L, Boisserand L. Système lymphatique et cerveau [Lymphatic system in central nervous system]. Med Sci (Paris). 2019 Jan;35(1):55-61. French. doi: 10.1051/medsci/2018309. Epub 2019 Jan 23. PMID: 30672459.
Functions of Lymphatic Vessels
Biological functions of lymphatic vessels
The general functions of lymphatic vessels in fluid transport and immunosurveillance are well recognized. However, accumulating evidence indicates that lymphatic vessels play active and versatile roles in a tissue- and organ-specific manner during homeostasis and in multiple disease processes. This Review discusses recent advances to understand previously unidentified functions of adult mammalian lymphatic vessels, including immunosurveillance and immunomodulation upon pathogen invasion, transport of dietary fat, drainage of cerebrospinal fluid and aqueous humor, possible contributions toward neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory diseases, and response to anticancer therapies.
Petrova TV, Koh GY. Biological functions of lymphatic vessels. Science. 2020 Jul 10;369(6500):eaax4063. doi: 10.1126/science.aax4063. PMID: 32646971.